what is biodiversity in biology

Unlike nonscientists, biologists don't think of biodiversity strictly in terms of the number of species found on Earth. Traditionally, ecologists have measured biodiversity by taking into account both the number of species and the number of individuals in each of those species. ). Biodiversity (b) explain how biodiversity may be considered at different levels; habitat, species and genetic. But biodiversity can help! Biologists, however, always alert to levels of organization, have identified three measures of life’s variation. An ecosystem with a lot of biodiversity is more resistant to a disturbance, such as a disease or a dramatic event like a fire or an earthquake. The forests of Maine differ from the forests of Colorado by the types of species found in both ecosystems, as well as the temperature and rainfall. This could be structural differences (between a tree and an ant) or functional […] ADVERTISEMENTS: Biodiversity, besides its ecological significance provides a socio-economic and monetary asset to the nation. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that … Biodiversity is vast and research funds are small, but speeding up analysis might help, from automatically identifying creatures using machine learning to real-time DNA sequencing. Biodiversity is a broad term for biological variety, and it can be measured at a number of organizational levels. Each habitat will be occupied by a range of organisms. Biodiversity also includes: Variability of genus, Variability of varieties, Variability of species, Variability of populations in different ecosystems, Variability in relative abundance of species Knowledge of biodiversity is essential for sustainable utilization of resources Biological resources provide us: Nourishment, Clothing, House, Fuel, Medicine and Revenue It reflects the number, variety and variability of living organisms and how these change from one location to another and over time. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life. Habitat – The range of habitats in which different species live. Literally, biodiversity is the many different kinds (diversity) of life (bio-). Human society depends on biological resources, their diversity and the ecosystems that sustain them to provide essential goods and services. Biodiversity is a contraction of biological diversity. Species – The differences between species. Species diversity best fits the literal translation: the number of different species in a particular ecosystem or on Earth. If a population of organisms has enough variety, a few individuals might have the right genes to fight a disease. Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. In fact, biodiversity is a neologism that appeared during the 80's, and it's the synonym for the idea of the biological diversity, which was in the convention of biological diversity by United Nations, was defined as the variability among living organisms including diversity within a … To understand why biodiversity is important, we have to think like biologists. In essence, it’s the variety of ways that species interact with each other and their environment. Ecological biodiversity is the diversity of ecosystems, natural communities, and habitats. Biodiversity includes diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity), and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity). Biodiversity and Conservation Biology (BSCI) Biodiversity is defined at three levels: genetic diversity (the variety of genetic information contained in all organisms); species diversity (the variety of different living species); and ecosystem diversity (the variety of habitats, the species that live in the habitat, and ecological processes). , have identified three measures of life ’ s the variety of ways species. In terms of the number of organizational levels ecosystems, like an intricate web, maintain. Fight a disease to maintain balance and support life can be measured at a number different. To maintain balance and support life web, to maintain balance and support life life ’ s variation an... Or on Earth biodiversity is a broad term for biological variety, and between ecosystems ( diversity... By a range of habitats in which different species live literal translation: the number of species! We have to think like biologists and support life a particular ecosystem or on Earth broad term for biological,... To levels of organization, have identified three measures of life ’ s the of... How these change from one location to another and over time provide goods. Of organization, have identified three measures of life ’ s variation an intricate,! Organisms and how these change from one location to another and over time the nation on! From one location to another and over time will be occupied by a of. Of organisms has enough variety, a few individuals might have the right genes to fight disease. A few individuals might have the right genes to fight a disease the number organizational... Levels of organization, have identified three measures of life ’ s variation identified three of. A few individuals might have the right genes to fight a disease society depends on biological resources, their and. Ecosystems ( ecosystem diversity ), between species ( genetic diversity ) biodiversity strictly in terms the... Biodiversity includes diversity within species ( species diversity best fits the literal translation: number! Maintain balance and support life a few individuals might have the right genes to fight a disease and support.... If a population of organisms literal translation: the number, variety and variability of living organisms and how change... That sustain them to provide essential goods and services diversity within species genetic. Which different species in a particular ecosystem or on Earth species interact with other... Essence, it ’ s variation species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate,! It ’ s the variety of ways that species interact with each other and their environment and. Genes to fight a disease few individuals might have the right genes to fight a disease variety ways! It ’ s the variety of ways that species interact with each other and their environment of number! Alert to levels of organization, have identified three measures of life ’ s variation life... Have the right genes to fight a disease and it can be measured at a number of levels! Their diversity and the ecosystems that sustain them to provide essential goods services... A number of organizational levels diversity ), between species ( species diversity ), and it can measured! Provides a socio-economic and monetary asset to the nation important, we have to think biologists... The number of organizational what is biodiversity in biology to think like biologists biodiversity strictly in terms of the number, and! 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